Friday, January 20, 2017

[Herpetology • 2017] Description of Five New Day Geckos of Cnemaspis kandiana Group (Sauria: Gekkonidae) from Sumatra and Mentawai Archipelago, Indonesia

Distribution of Cnemaspis in Sumatra.  

Cnemaspis aceh, C. andalas, C. minang, C. pagai & C. tapanuli
 Iskandar, McGuire & Amarasinghe, 2017  

Cnemaspis dezwaani
C. modiglianii & C. whittenorum  Das 2005

We investigated diminutive day geckos (SVL < 40 mm) of the genus Cnemaspis (Cnemaspis kandiana Group) from mainland Sumatra and islands along its western margin (Nias, Siberut, Pagai, and Enggano). The assemblage includes several species based on morphological evidence, five of which we describe as new. The new species occur in the Sumatran provinces of Aceh, North Sumatra, and West Sumatra. Finally, we provide a new key and redescriptions for three previously recognized species: Cnemaspis dezwaani, Cnemaspis modiglianii, and Cnemaspis whittenorum, based on recently collected material, and clarify contradictory information concerning their original descriptions and their key under each species account.

FIG. 3. Distribution of Cnemaspis in Sumatra. 

Cnemaspis pagai  Iskandar, McGuire & Amarasinghe, 2017   

Djoko T. Iskandar, Jimmy A. McGuire, and A. A. Thasun Amarasinghe. 2017. Description of Five New Day Geckos of Cnemaspis kandiana Group (Sauria: Gekkonidae) from Sumatra and Mentawai Archipelago, Indonesia.   Journal of Herpetology. 51(1); 142-153.  DOI:  10.1670/15-047


[Botany • 2017] Habenaria yookuaaensis • A New Species (Orchidaceae: Orchidioideae) from Oaxaca, Mexico

Habenaria yookuaaensis 
Mejía-Marín, Espejo, López-Ferr. & R. Jiménez


Habenaria yookuaaensis, a new species from the state of Oaxaca, is described and illustrated. The new taxon is part of the H. brevilabiataH. virensH. odontopetalaH. strictissima, and H. acalcarata complex, species with which the new entity is compared.

Keywords: Jamiltepec, Monocots, San Juan Colorado, terrestrial orchid, Mexico


Habenaria yookuaaensis Mejía-Marín, Espejo, López-Ferr. & R. Jiménez, sp. nov. (Figs. 1, 2)

Similar to Habenaria brevilabiata Richard & Galeotti (1845: 29), but habit terrestrial, with flowers white-greenish, petals oblong-falcate, and lip acuminate, with two triangular divaricate basal auricles.

Etymology:— The specific epithet refers to the name of San Juan Colorado, place where was found the new taxon, and derives from the Mixtec word “yo’o kua’a” formed by the terms “yo’o” (bejucos, lianas) and “kuaa’a” (rojo, colorado), and means “lugar de tierra colorada” (place of red soil). 

Distribution and Habitat:— Habenaria yookuaaensis is known until now from two localities in the state of Oaxaca. The plants are very scarce and grow between rocks, on moist soils rich in organic matter, under the shade of the trees on the riverbanks. It flowers in September. 

María Isabel Mejía-Marín, Adolfo Espejo-Serna, Ana Rosa López-Ferrari and Rolando Jiménez Machorro. 2017. Habenaria yookuaaensis (Orchidaceae: Orchidioideae), A New Species from Oaxaca, Mexico.
Phytotaxa. 292(1); 74–78. DOI: 10.11646/phytotaxa.292.1.7


[PaleoIchthyology • 2017] Scleropages sinensis • First Complete Fossil Scleropages (Osteoglossomorpha) from the early Eocene, Hubei, China

Scleropages sinensis 
Zhang & Wilson, 2017
A new species of osteoglossid fish, Scleropages sinensis sp. nov., is described from the Early Eocene Xiwanpu Formation in Hunan and the Yangxi Formation in Hubei, China. The new species was attributed to Scleropages, an extant genus of Osteoglossidae, because it very closely resembles the genus in skull bones, caudal skeleton, the shape and position of fins, and reticulate scales. The new fish is very similar to extant Scleropages except: the nasals do not appear to be ornamented; the sensory pore in the antorbital is large; the posterior infraorbitals are not quite covering the dorsal limb of the preopercle; the posteroventral angle of the preopercle is produced to point; the posteroventral margin of the opercle is concave and the ventral end of the bone is produced to a point; the pectoral fin is very long and extends well behind the beginning of the pelvic fin; the vertebral count is about 46–48; the parapophyses are shorter and the upper and lower caudal rays are nearly as long as the inner rays. The new fish is closer to its Asian neighbor, S. formosus, than to its southern relative, S. leichardti. Scleropages formosus inhabits natural lakes, swamps, flooded forests, and slowly moving, deep parts of rivers with overhanging vegetative cover. It is a carnivorous fish and its food consists mainly of insects, fishes, worms, small amphibians, small mammals, and even birds. S. sinensis may live in the same natural environment and have a similar diet except for the largest items. Sexual dimorphism may exist in S. sinensis. The presumed male has a slimmer and shallower body, a relatively larger head, and a deeper mouth cleft. The discovery of Scleropages sinensis sp. nov. dates the divergence of Scleropages and Osteoglossum to no later than the Early Eocene.

 Key words: Hunan, Hubei, China; Early Eocene; Xiawanpu Formation; Yangxi Formation; Osteoglossidae

Systematic paleontology
Teleostei Müller, 1846
Osteoglossomorpha Greenwood et al., 1966
Osteoglossidae Bonaparte, 1832
 Scleropages Günther, 1864

Scleropages sinensis sp. nov.

Holotype: IVPP V 13672.2, a complete skeleton.
Referred specimens: IVPP V 12749.1–8, V 12750, V 13672.1, 3.

Locality and horizon: Specimens V 13672.1–3 and V 12750 are from Songzi County, Hubei Province, China; Yangxi Formation, Lower Eocene. Specimens V 12749.1–8 are from Xiangxiang, Hunan Province, China; Xiawanpu Formation, Eocene.

Etymology: The specific name refers to China where the specimens were found.

 Jiang-Yong Zhang and Mark V H Wilson. 2017. First Complete Fossil Scleropages (Osteoglossomorpha).  Vertebrata PalAsiatica. 55(1); 1–23

[Herpetology • 2017] Eleutherodactylus cattus • Cryptic within Cryptic: Genetics, Morphometrics, and Bioacoustics Delimitate A New Species of Eleutherodactylus (Anura: Eleutherodactylidae) from Eastern Cuba

Eleutherodactylus cattus 
 Rodríguez, Dugo-Cota, Montero-Mendieta, Gonzalez-Voyer, Bosch, Vences & Vilà, 2017

  DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4221.5.1 

We studied the variation in genetics, bioacustics, and morphology in Eleutherodactylus glamyrus, a regionally endemic frog species restricted to high elevations in the Sierra Maestra Massif, Western Cuba that was originally described as a cryptic species hidden under the name E. auriculatus. Genetic analysis of mtDNA sequences of the 16S and cob genes identify two allopatric and strongly supported mitochondrial clades (phylogroups) which also showed no haplotype sharing in the nuclear Rag-1 gene. Bioacustic, and morphological comparisons concordantly identify these two phylogroups as independent evolutionary lineages. Therefore, we herein restrict the name Eleutherodactylus glamyrus Estrada and Hedges to populations represented in our analyses as the western phylogroup (Cordillera del Turquino to Pico La Bayamesa) and consider specimens from the eastern phylogroup (Sierra del Cobre) to represent a new species described and named as Eleutherodactylus cattus. Our results add to the growing list of Eleutherodactylus species endemic to Cuba and highlight the importance of combining different sources of evidence for obtaining robust assessments of species limits in amphibians.

Keywords: Amphibia, Terrarana, species delimitation, integrative taxonomy, Caribbean

Eleutherodactylus cattusMale (CZACC14.14153, paratype) calling
in the trail to Pico El Gato, Sierra del Cobre, 844m a.s.l.. 

Etymology. The species name is an invariable noun in apposition to the genus name, derived from Latin cattus cat. It refers to the type locality Loma del Gato (Cat Mountain Ridge) in the Sierra Maestra Mountains, a locality 

Distribution. This species is only known from the type locality but assuming it has specialized to high elevations like its sister taxon, Eleutherodactylus glamyrus, it could well be found in neighboring areas above 800 m a.s.l..

Ariel Rodríguez, Álvaro Dugo-Cota, Santiago Montero-Mendieta, Alejandro Gonzalez-Voyer, Roberto Alonso Bosch, Miguel Vences and Carles Vilà. 2017. Cryptic within Cryptic: Genetics, Morphometrics, and Bioacoustics Delimitate A New Species of Eleutherodactylus (Anura: Eleutherodactylidae) from Eastern Cuba.
  Zootaxa. 4221(5); 501–552.  DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4221.5.1

[Diplopoda • 2017] Revision of the Australian Millipede Genus Pogonosternum Jeekel, 1965 (Polydesmida, Paradoxosomatidae), with Descriptions of Two New Species

Pogonosternum laetificum Jeekel, 1982
Pogonosternum jeekeli Decker, 2017
Pogonosternum montanum Decker, 2017

 The southeastern Australian millipede genus Pogonosternum Jeekel, 1965 is revised. Pogonosternum nigrovirgatum (Carl, 1902), P. adrianae Jeekel, 1982 and P. laetificum Jeekel, 1982 are redescribed; Pogonosternum jeekeli Decker, sp. nov. and Pogonosternum montanum Decker, sp. nov. are described from Victoria, New South Wales and Tasmania. P. nigrovirgatum infuscum Jeekel, 1982 and P. coniferum Jeekel, 1965 are junior synonyms of Pnigrovirgatum (Carl, 1902). An updated key to all five species of the genus is presented.

Keywords: Arthropoda, Australia, new species, Bass Strait.

Fig. 26. Habitus and live colouration.
APogonosternum nigrovirgatum (Carl, 1902), ♂ from Adams Creek Nature Conservation Reserve (SMNG VNR016989).
BP. adrianae Jeeker, 1982, ♂ from Grand Ridge Road (NMV K-13349).
CP. laetificum Jeeker, 1982, ♂ from Toolangi State Forest, Two Hills Road.
DPogonosternum jeekeli Decker, sp. nov., ♂ from Warby-Ovens National Park, Taminick Gap Road.
E. Pogonosternum montanum Decker, sp. nov., ♂ (left, NMV K-12183) and ♀ (right, NMV K-13351) from Linden Roth Drive.
   Scale bars = 5 mm.   DOI: 10.5852/ejt.2017.259  

Peter Decker, Robert Mesibov, Karin Voigtländer and Willi E.R. Xylander. 2017. Revision of the Australian Millipede Genus Pogonosternum Jeekel, 1965, with Descriptions of Two New Species (Diplopoda, Polydesmida, Paradoxosomatidae).
European Journal of Taxonomy. 259: 1–34. DOI: 10.5852/ejt.2017.259 

[Mammalogy • 2016] Rousettus tangkokoensis • Morphological Variations and New Species Description of Genus Rousettus Bat from Gunung Duasudara Sanctuary, North Sulawesi, Indonesia

(bRousettus celebensis and (c) Rousettus tangkokoensis n. sp.

 Lengkong, Arisoesilaningsih, Hakim & Sudarto, 2016  


Bats belongs to Pteropodidae Family that spreaded evenly in Indonesia. Genus Rousettus have their morphological variances among its own species based on characteristics on each species. Among them there is fruit-feeding bats of from genus Rousettus (Chiroptera: Pteropodidae) that have many variances of morphology among its own species. This study was aimed to identify the morphological variations and its sex type influence of genus Rousettus bats from Gunung Duasudara Sanctuary, North Sulawesi. The locations were consisted 7 types of major vegetations at altitude range from 0 to 1351 m above sea level (asl). All habitat types were observed using Mist-net method at 1 and 3 m above the ground. There were found 452 individuals, including R. amplexicaudatus (224), R. celebensis (219) and R. tangkokoensis n. sp. (9). Nine individuals of Rousettus tangkokoensis n. sp. were newly found in lowland forest and coastal forest. These newly-found species were different from other Rousettus. There was discovered that sex type had influenced the skull and external body characters on R. amplexicaudatusRtangkokoensis n. sp. R. celebensis. However, most of other characters were statistically not-significant that indicated there was not any sexual dimorphism. According to the Discriminant Function Analysis (DFA), these morphological groups possess different specification. Therefore, the three species of genus Rousettus have statistically variation of skull and external body characters one to another.

Keywords: North Sulawesi, Gunung Duasudara Sanctuary, Rousettus 

Fig. 4. Bat species: (aRousettus amplexicaudatus, (bRousettus celebensis and (cRousettus tangkokoensis n. sp.

Etymology: The new species which is proposed using the name of Tangkoko Mt. occuring in the sanctuary area was collected by Hanry Lengkong from Manado, Indonesia. The new species is (HL) 111321 had been found in Gunung Duasudara, which the only area known where this species was collected.

Hanry Jefry Lengkong, Endang Arisoesilaningsih, Luchman Hakim and Sudarto. 2016. Morphological Variations and New Species Description of Genus Rousettus Bat from Gunung Duasudara Sanctuary, North Sulawesi, Indonesia. OnLine Journal of Biological Sciences. 16(2); 90-101. DOI :  10.3844/ojbsci.2016.90.101

[Primatology • 2016] Cheirogaleus shethi • A New Species of Dwarf Lemur (Cheirogaleidae: Cheirogaleus medius Group) from the Ankarana and Andrafiamena-Andavakoera Massifs, Madagascar

Ankarana or Sheth’s Dwarf Lemur  |  Cheirogaleus shethi 

Frasier, Lei, McLain, Taylor, Bailey, Ginter, Nash,
Randriamampionona, Groves, Mittermeier & Louis, 2016


A new species of dwarf lemur, Cheirogaleus shethi sp. nov., of the C. medius group is described from the dry and transitional forests of northern Madagascar. This species can be found along the forest corridor from Ankarana Special Reserve east to the Analamerana Special Reserve down to the Bekaraoka forest in the Loky-Manambato Protected Area. This species is genetically distinct from other members of the C. medius species group and is sister to a poorly known lineage in Sambava. The identification of this new species highlights the importance of northern Madagascar as a reservoir of biodiversity.

Key Words: Dwarf lemurs, primate, Strepsirrhini, taxonomy

Figure 5. Illustration of Cheirogaleus shethi (Stephen D. Nash © Conservation International) and
photographs of KAR15.1 taken at Ankarana Special Reserve (photos by Richard Randriamampionona). 

Cheirogaleus shethi

Formerly Cheirogaleus sp. nov. 4, also CCS6 (Lei et al. 2014);
 in part C. sp. Bekaraoka Sambava (Thiele et al. 2013).

Distribution: Known from northern Madagascar, from Ankarana east to Bekaraoka in dry and transitional forests. Found in the Ankarana Special Reserve, Andrafiamena-Andavakoera Protected Area, Analamerana Special Reserve, and Loky-Manambato Protected Area. 

Etymology: This new species is named after Brian Sheth, the Chair of the Board of the NGO Global Wildlife Conservation. Brian is deeply committed to biodiversity conservation worldwide, and is a leading philanthropist for species and ecosystem conservation. He has supported many projects in Madagascar, including research and the establishment and management of nature reserves. His passion and drive to help save the diversity of life on our planet has been an inspiration to all around him. 

Vernacular names: Ankarana or Sheth’s Dwarf Lemur.

Figure 4. Map of Madagascar with the ranges of Cheirogaleus sp. nov. 4 and closely related Cheirogaleus species highlighted to show the geographic distance between lineages. Identification numbers on the map correspond to ID numbers of animals listed in Table 1. Photographs of C. andysabini and C. sp. nov. 4 are provided to show a clear difference in pelage and the distance between the ranges of the two lineages from different species groups. 

Cynthia L. Frasier, Runhua Lei, Adam T. McLain, Justin M. Taylor, Carolyn A. Bailey, Azure L. Ginter, Stephen D. Nash, Richard Randriamampionona, Colin P. Groves, Russell A. Mittermeier and Edward E. Louis Jr. 2016. A New Species of Dwarf Lemur (Cheirogaleidae: Cheirogaleus medius Group) from the Ankarana and Andrafiamena-Andavakoera Massifs, Madagascar.   Primate Conservation. (30); 59–72.   

Thursday, January 19, 2017

[Ichthyology • 2017] Molecular based Phylogenetic Species Recognition in the Genus Pampus (Perciformes: Stromateidae) reveals Hidden Diversity in the Indian Ocean


• The phylogenetic relationships between Pampus species were determined based on 150 mitochondrial COI gene sequences.
• Morphological and molecular evidence suggests the silver pomfret, reported as Pampus argenteus, distributed in the Bay of Bengal and Arabian sea is distinct from East Asian P. argenteus.
• The silver pomfret in the Indian region represents species with genetic affinity to P. cinereus.
• Hidden species diversity among Pampus species is revealed from Bay of Bengal and Arabian waters.

Pomfrets (Genus Pampus) are commercially important fishes in the Indo Pacific region. The systematics of this genus is complicated due to morphological similarities between species. The silver pomfret from Indian waters has long been considered to be Pampus argenteus. The objective of the study was to utilize the mitochondrial COI gene to establish the molecular identity of the silver pomfret distributed in Indian waters and to resolve the phylogenetic relationships among Pampus species in the world based on sequence data in the NCBI database. Seven valid Pampus species are identified in this study. The mean genetic divergence value calculated between clades representing these species was 7.9%. The mean genetic distance between the so-called Pampus argenteus from Indian waters and sequences attributed to P. argenteus from the South China Sea, where the neotype of this species was collected, was found to be greater than 12%, strongly supporting the likelihood of the Indian species being distinct. The Indian Pampus species show very close affinity to P. cinereus, with inter species differences less than 2%. The taxonomic identity of the silver pomfret in India is also discussed here, in light of molecular and morphological evidence.

Keywords: Pampus argenteus; COI; Molecular phylogeny; Distinct species

P.R. Divya, C. Mohitha, G. Kumar Rahul, C.P. Rajool Shanis, V.S. Basheer and A. Gopalakrishnan. 2017. Molecular based Phylogenetic Species Recognition in the Genus Pampus (Perciformes: Stromateidae) reveals Hidden Diversity in the Indian Ocean. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution.  DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2016.12.030 

Wednesday, January 18, 2017

[Botany • 2017] Pitcairnia singularis • A New Species (Pitcairnioideae, Bromeliaceae) from Jalisco, Mexico

Pitcairnia singularis  Flores-Argüelles, Espejo & López-Ferr.  


Pitcairnia singularis, known only from the municipality of Puerto Vallarta in the state of Jalisco, Mexico, is here described and illustrated. The new species is characterized by very narrow, epetiolate, deciduous normal leaves, a simple inflorescence with 14–20 pedicellate, secund, white flowers, and petals 1.5–1.7 cm long, without appendages. An identification key has been included for all the species of the genus present in the state of Jalisco, Mexico.

Keywords: Jalisco, Pitcairnia subgenus Pitcairnia, Sierra del Cuale, Monocots

FIGURE 1. Pitcairnia singularis  Flores-Argüelles, Espejo & López-Ferr.  
A. Plants in flower at type locality. B. Detail of the basal portion of Pitcairnia singularis, showing the reduced sheath like and the normal leaves. C. Oak forest habitat of P. singularis Flores-Argüelles, Espejo & López-Ferr. 

Pitcairnia singularis Flores-Argüelles, Espejo & López-Ferr., spec. nov. (Figs. 1–3)
The new species is characterized by the following: deciduous normal leaves without distinct petioles; inflorescence simple, with 14–20 pedicellate, secund, white flowers; petals 1.5–1.7 cm long, without basal appendages.

Type:— MEXICO. Jalisco: municipio de Puerto Vallarta, Ojo de Agua, 20° 31’ 20.22” N, 105° 11’ 37.27” W, 1195 m, bosque de Quercus, 22 August 2013 (fl), A. Flores-Argüelles & A.R. Romero-Guzmán 776 (holotype: UAMIZ, isotype: IBUG).

Etymology:— The specific epithet refers to the singular characteristics of the new species that distinguish it from any other member of the genus.

Alejandra Flores Argüelles, Adolfo Espejo-Serna and Ana Rosa López-Ferrari. 2017.
Pitcairnia singularis (Pitcairnioideae, Bromeliaceae), A New Species from Jalisco, Mexico.  Phytotaxa. 291(4); 275–280.  DOI:  10.11646/phytotaxa.291.4.4


[Ichthyology • 2017] Hyphessobrycon petricolus • A New Species of Tetra (Characiformes: Characidae) from the rio Madeira basin, Mato Grosso, Brazil

Hyphessobrycon petricolus 
Ohara, Lima & Barros, 2017

A new species of Hyphessobrycon is described from the rio Roosevelt, rio Madeira basin, Mato Grosso State, Brazil. Hyphessobrycon petricolus sp. n. can be distinguished from its congeners by the unique combination of the following features: a well-defined, relatively narrow dark midlateral stripe on body extending from immediately behind posterior margin of opercle to the middle caudal-fin rays, relatively conspicuous humeral blotch, and 16–20 branched anal-fin rays. Comments on the remaining Hyphessobrycon species presenting a conspicuous dark midlateral stripe are presented. 

Keywords: Pisces, Amazon basin, Hyphessobrycon heterorhabdus species-group, Hyphessobrycon cachimbensis, Hyphessobrycon nigricinctus, rio Roosevelt

FIGURE 3. Hyphessobrycon petricolus, paratypes, immediately after capture. 

Sexual dimorphism. Bony hooks on fins, a common dimorphic feature in characids (Malabarba & Weitzman, 2003), were not found in any specimens of Hyphessobrycon petricolus.

Distribution. The new species is so far only known from its type locality, a small tributary of the middle rio Roosevelt, rio Aripuanã drainage, rio Madeira basin, northwestern Mato Grosso State, Brazil (Fig. 4).

Ecological notes. The type locality of Hyphessobrycon petricolus is a small, black water stream 1.5–4 m wide and 0.3–1.5 m deep, with swift water current, and rocky bottom (Fig. 5a), upstream a large waterfall (Fig. 5b). The stream run across a small cerrado-vegetation enclave situated within Amazon forest. Individuals of Hyphessobrycon petricolus were captured near of surface during the night in small groups of 2 to 4 individuals. Other species sampled syntopically were: Aequidens sp., Erythrinus erythrinus, Pyrrhulina sp., Synbranchus sp. and Tatia cf. brunnea

Etymology. The specific name petricolus derives from the Latin petra meaning rock and colus, to abide, to dwell, referring to the occurrence of the species in a rocky-bottomed stream. An adjective.

 Willian M. Ohara, Flávio C T Lima and Bruno S Barros. 2017. Hyphessobrycon petricolus, A New Species of Tetra (Characiformes: Characidae) from the rio Madeira basin, Mato Grosso, Brazil. Zootaxa. 4221(2); 242-250. DOI:  10.11646/zootaxa.4221.2.8

Resumo: Uma espécie nova de Hyphessobrycon é descrita do rio Roosevelt, bacia do rio Madeira, estado do Amazonas, Brasil. Hyphessobrycon petricolus sp. n. pode ser distinguida das suas congêneres pela combinação única das seguintes características: uma bem definida, relativamente estreita faixa médio-lateral escura no corpo estendendo-se de imediatamente após a margem posterior do opérculo aos raios medianos da nadadeira caudal, uma conspícua mancha umeral e 16–20 raios ramificados na nadadeira anal. Comentários sobre as demais espécies de Hyphessobrycon que apresentam uma faixa escura médio-lateral são apresentados.
Palavras chaves: Bacia amazônica, grupo de espécies Hyphessobrycon heterorhabdus, Hyphessobrycon cachimbensis, Hyphessobrycon nigricinctus, rio Roosevelt 

[Arachnida • 2017] On the New Monotypic Wolf Spider Genus Ovia gen. nov. (Araneae: Lycosidae, Lycosinae)

Ovia procurva Yu & Song, 1988


A new monotypic wolf spider genus, Ovia gen. nov. is proposed to accommodate a misplaced species: Pardosa procurva Yu & Song, 1988. Ovia procurva comb. nov. is redescribed, illustrated and designated as the type species for the genus. The subfamily placement of the new genus is discussed and it is considered as a member of Lycosinae Sundevall, 1833 and possibly closely related to Alopecosa Simon, 1885. The presence of an apical process (spur) on the median apophysis is proposed as the putative synapomorphy of Ovia gen. nov. The possible sister-taxon relationship of Ovia gen. nov. with Alopecosa is discussed and evidence on the occurrence of sexual dimorphism and mating plug within the genus are presented. Ovia gen. nov. is assumed to be of Holarctic origin, from which it has migrated to the Indomalayan region. Additionally, a current distribution map for the genus is provided.

Keywords: Araneae, Indomalayan region, mating plug, sexual dimorphism, taxonomy, transfer

Pradeep M. Sankaran, Jobi J. Malamel and Pothalil A. Sebastian. 2017. On the New Monotypic Wolf Spider Genus Ovia gen. nov. (Araneae: Lycosidae, Lycosinae).
Zootaxa. 4221(3); 366-376.  DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4221.3.5

[Herpetology • 2016] Celestus laf • A New Species of Celestus (Squamata: Anguidae) from western Panama

Celestus laf  
Lotzkat, Hertz & Köhler, 2016   

 We describe the second specimen of the anguid genus Celestus collected in Panama as representative of a new species. The holotype of this new taxon was collected in the Reserva Forestal La Fortuna, about halfway between the type localities of the Panamanian endemic C. adercus and the Costa Rican endemic C. orobius. The new form is most similar to these two species, but differs from them and all other Mesoamerican congeners in scalation and coloration. 

Key Words: Cryptozoic diversity, endemism, Lower Central America, Reserva Forestal La Fortuna, Talamancan highlands 


Etymology: The specific name is composed of the initials of the “Lost and Found” ecohostel and given in appreciation of the type locality. Ever since their first visit, which occurred at the beginning of their respective Ph.D. projects in May of 2008, Andreas Hertz and Sebastian Lotzkat have benefited greatly from the exceptional hospitality they always experienced at the ecohostel, and were happy to use its facilities as a convenient base for their herpetological explorations of the La Fortuna Forest Reserve and other areas nearby. Through this mutual partnership, the beautifully situated and by now widely known cloud forest lodge has contributed significantly to our herpetodiversity research in western Panama, and we are glad to honor this exceptional venture by dedicating the second new species we found on its grounds to it, well-timed in its 10th anniversary year.

Sebastian Lotzkat, Andreas Hertz and Gunther Köhler. 2016. A New Species of Celestus (Squamata: Anguidae) from western Panama. 
Mesoamerican Herpetology. 3; 962–975.

Resumen: Describimos el segundo espécimen hallado en Panamá del género ánguido Celestus como representante de una nueva especie. El holotipo de este nuevo taxón fue colectado en la Reserva Forestal La Fortuna, aproximadamente al medio entre las localidades tipo correspondientes al endémico panameño C. adercus y el endémico costarricense C. orobius. La nueva especie es más similar a estas dos especies, pero se diferencia de ellas, así como de las demás especies del género conocidas de Mesoamérica, en escamación y coloración. 
Palabras Claves: Baja Centroamérica, diversidad criptozoológica, endemismo, Reserva Forestal La Fortuna, tierras altas de Talamanca